After the completion of the Stone Bridge (Steinerne Brücke) in 1146, a symbol of the town's importance in trade, that reached as far as Paris, Venice or Novgorod, the constructions of the cathedral started in 1273.The builders needed nearly 600 years until 1872 to complete this task.Both the Stone Bridge and the Regenburg Cathedral survived unchanged and are the city's main sights today.
Acting as capital of the district of Upper Palatinate and also its biggest settlement, Regensburg today is a thriving city of about 137,000 inhabitants, two universities and many landmarks and little chapels, most dating back to the Middle Ages (e.g. Peter, the Old City Hall and Imperial Diet, and the Stone Bridge).According to legend there are so many chapels here, that there would always be at least one church bell ringing.Since the historic city center of Regensburg and Stadtamhof has been a UNESCO World Heritage site.Because of its narrow alleys Regensburg is often called the northernmost city of Italy.Although the earliest settlements date back as far as 5000 BC and it is evident, that the first Celtic settlement, called Ratisbona, was in the city's present-day vicinity since the first millenium BC, the official history starts in 179 AD, when the Romans built the fortress Castra Regina at the northernmost bend of the river Danube.
For the following 200 years the fortress served as the Romans main military base in the province of Raetia.
After the Romans left the area during the Barbarian Invasions, the town became a civil settlement.
Being granted one of the first seats of a bishopric on German territory in 739, Regensburg grew to strength and prosperity during the Middle Ages.
Napoleon forced Regensburg to agree to become a part of the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1810, which set an end to the city's political importance.
Regensburg is one of Germany's oldest towns, founded by the Romans in 179 AD.
It's in the German federal state of Bavaria, at the northernmost point of the river Danube.